Dentures and Partial Dentures
Despite our best efforts, we can sometimes lose teeth. Dietary conditions such as hypocalcemia and hypovitaminosis D (calcium and vitamin D deficiencies, respectively) can contribute to malnourishment, a common culprit in partial edentulism, the state of having lost teeth. When the damage is irreversible, a full or partial denture can allow the mouth to return to normal function. Here is some important information to know about dentures and partial dentures.
Dentures and Partial Dentures | Types of Dentures
There are four basic kinds of dentures: full and partial, and fixed and removable. Full dentures are recommended when a patient has multiple missing teeth in either the maxilla (the upper jaw) or the mandible (the lower jaw), while a partial denture is more appropriate for one or two missing teeth, regardless of location. Many patients may prefer a fixed denture, also known as dental implant bridges, which are permanent and are secured either under or against the gum line via implants or crowns. However, the health of the intact teeth is crucial in the decision to use dentures, and a removable denture is better suited for mouths that are not in optimal condition to receive permanent false teeth.
Dentures and Partial Dentures | Benefits of Dentures
All four types of dentures have the same benefits to oral health. Chewing hard food and speaking with proper enunciation become increasingly difficult with fewer than the standard 28 or 32 teeth present, and dentures can both relieve the added stress on the remaining teeth and force them to not shift in position. They can prevent the shape of the face from changing following edentulism, providing support to the lips and the cheeks, and play a role in reducing the ever-present threat of gum diseases such as periodontitis.
Dentures and Partial Dentures | Procedure
To receive dentures, a procedure that may last for one to two months, a dentist must first make an impression of the patient’s mouth. Sample dentures are placed in the mouth in order to determine the specifics—the shape and the color—of the final model. As soon as the conventional denture is designed and manufactured, it is adjusted as needed and ready for the patient to wear.
Dentures can be inserted during the same day as the removal of the diseased teeth. These are called immediate dentures. However, this kind of denture often must be either relined or replaced as the tissues of the mouth heal and shrink.
If you feel that you may require a denture, the first thing is to schedule a checkup with your dentist. If all your teeth are significantly infected with periodontal disease or extensive decay, you may be a strong candidate. However, teeth can be saved, and we prefer to try to save teeth before we consider replacing them.
If you are considering dentures and/or partial dentures, please contact our office today to set up a free initial consultation.